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亚洲城ca88备用网址BySuYangResearchReportNo072,2006The,theruralareasinChinawerenotedforalowlevelofindustrialization,,theenvironmentalproblemsinChina’sruralareasweremainlymanifestedindesertification,,however,ruralpollutionhasbecomeanincreasinglyseriousproblemasChinahasspedupthepa,lionsofruralpeople,butalsoeventuallyimpairedthelifeandhealthofurbanpeoplethroughwater,air,ntrysideasoneofitsgoals,solvingtheenvironmentalpollutioninthtionChina’sruralmodernizationinvolvestheintensificationandindustrializationofthemodeofproduction,theurbanizatio,toacertainextent,,whilethecountrymovesfromanagrariansocietytoanindustrialsociety,thestructureoftheruralindustrya,thesecondaryindustryfeaturingruralenterprisesha,townsandtownshipsandevennaturalvillagesareassumingthecharacteristicsofurbanizationandmakingtattheenvironmentalpollutionintheprocessofruralmodernizationcanbeclassifiedintothreecategoriesaccordingtothedifferentsourcesofpollution:ductionWithahugepopulationandscarcelandresources,Cisetheunitlandoutput,and,inadditiontothelargeramountofchemicalfertilizersandpesticidesconsumedintherapiddevelopmentoffruitandvegetableproduction,hasalsoturned[1].Convertedintounitcultivatedarea,theuseofchemicalfertilizersis40tonspersquarekilometers,,butalsoaggravatedtheorganicandeutrophicpollutionofthewate,surface-sourcedpollutioninmanyregionsGulfalsoindicatesthatthesourceofpollutionthathaseutrophicatedwaterbodiesmainlycomes,thesurface-sourcedpollutantsintheTaihuLakehasaccountedformorethanon,,ofwhich,,soilandfarmproducts,in2002indicatedthat20-60percentoftheproductswerefoundtocontainpesticidesand20-45percentofthemwerefoundtoexceedthelimits,,chemicalfertilizersandpesticideshaveturnedthepollutionofthewaterenvironmentinChina’seasternregionsfromtheconventionalpoint-sourcedpollutiontothecompoundpol,,morethan600,auforEnvironmentalProtectionindicatedt,s,thiskindofpoll,,becauseofthepopularizationofchemicalfertilizersandtheadjustmentoffuelstructure,ironmentbutalsocausesgreettlementsandthepoorenvironmentalmanagementAsmodernizationgainsmomentum,,newvillagesandnewhouses,planningandinfrastructureconstructionhavebeenlaggingbehind:,neglectingtheorganiclinksoftheseplanswiththeplansforlanduse,,thetownsandruralsettlementsei,thedomesticpollutantsfromthetownsandruralsettlementsaregenerallydischargeddirectlyintotheadjacentenvironment,makingtheenvironmentdirty,,theruraldomesticgarbagetotalingabout120milliontonsayearisalmostentirelypiledintheopenairandtheruraldom,theenviroreauforEnvironmentalProtectionindicatedthatexceptfortheair-pollutionindicator,allotherenvironmentalindicatorsoftheruralsettlementswerealreadyworsethanintheurbanareas.ByLiuShijin,,2007NeverbeforehasChinasener,Chinahasenteredandwillremainatthestageforquitealongperiodoftime,duringwhichtheconsumptionofresourcesincludingenergywill"climbup".Nomajoreconom,theshareoftheenergy-consumingheavyindustrywillrisebyafairlybigmarginandthe"structuralfactor"senergyconsumptionforperunitoutputhasbeenontherisewhi,theeffectof"super-largescale",,willsurpasstspercapitaenergyconsumptionisstillverylowwhencomparedwithinternationallevels,thetotalamountofenergyconsumptionhasfargonebeyondpeople,Chinahasmadesomeprogressinenergyconservationovertheyears,alandconceptualfactors,theprimarycauserestsmainlyonoursystems,,eventhoughtheyareinthesamei,whileChinaclaimstobeabigcountrywithrichresources,itspercapitalevelsinamajorityofignresources,butagrowingdependencyonforeignsupplyofsomeimportantresourcescannotbutcausepublicconcernsoverthecountrys"energysecurity".Forexample,C,resourceconstraintandespeciallyenergyconstraintareposingagravechallengetothesustainabilityofChina,wemusthaveacorrectapproachwhenobserving,,theso-called"resourceconstraint",a"resourceconstraint",senergystrategyandpoinoptimizingChinaoaloccupiesadominantpositioninthestructureofChinasenergysupply,an,withtheexploitablehydropowerresourcesaccountingforabout15%,Chinaspercapitapossessionofhydropowerresourcesisequivalenttoabout70%oftheworldaveragelevel,whichiswellaboveitsratiosforoilandnaturalgas(respectively11%%)andisclosetothatforcoal(79%).Chinare-investigateditshydropowerresourcesduringthe2001~thetheoreticalreserveofhydropowerresources,thetechnologicallyexploitablege,,Chinasratiobetweenthehydropowergeneratingcapac%,rankingaround80thplaceintheworldandstayingbelowtheworldaveragelevel(%).Itwasfarlowerthanthelevelofhydropowerresourcedevelopmentinthedevelopedcountries(50%~100%)andwasalsolowerthanthelevelsinBrazil,India,Vietnam,slagginghydropowerdevelopment,ersandcanprodundculturalsites,,irrationalplanning,designingandconstructionicalprotectionandonadoptingallmeasurestominimizetheu,weshouldalsoseethepositiveimpactsofhydropowerdevelopmentontheenvironmentandtheecology,forexample,inpreventingfloods,improvingthe,theconsiderablereturnsarisingfromhydropowerdevelopmentcanprovi"micro-environment","macro-environment"ofthewholenationaleconomy,hydropowerdevel,ressinhydropowercopowergeneratingcapacitycanaccountforarationalproportionofthetotalgeneratingcapacity,~,,,,missionofCO2,,coalconsumptionsavedbyhyd%.Sointhemicroeconomicsense,hydropowerdevelopmenthas,"cleaneffect"ofsubstitutingcoal-firedpowergeneration,hydropowershouldberegardedasacleanenergy....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

ByZhangJunkuoResearchReportNo109,2006Thecoordinationofinterestrelationsamongv,,tobuildasocialistharmonioussociety,itisvitaltoidentifythefieldswheretheinterestrelationsinChina’ssocialdevelopmentisnotharmoniousandstudythecauseofthedisharmonyinordertogry’scurrentsituation,thefollowingfiveinterestrelations---relationsbetweenlaborandcapital;betweenurbanandruralareas;betweendifferentregions,betweendifferentindustriesandbetweendmetsociety,,whichmakesthecountryfaces’slegalsystemisnotcompleteonlaborers’organizationandprotectionoflaborers’legalrights,thelaborersarenaturallyinadisad,thecasesofinfringementuponlaborers’ing,buildingandminingindustries,,nearly60%henon-agriculturalindustriesthroughthevigorousdevelopmentofnon-farmingindustriessoastoraisetheproductivity,,weshouldconsiderthat,inthecourseofatransitionfromadualeconomy,howweshouldproperlysolvetheproblemrelatedtoincomeincreaseanddevelopmentofthepopulationwhowillcontinuetostayinthecountrysideanddofarminginafairlylongperiodoftimesothattheywouldalsofullyenjoytheresultofthecountry’sdevelopment,insteadof,Chinahasmadesubstantialprogressinruralandurbandevelopment,andthepeople’,thegapbetweentheincomesandlivingstandardsofurbanandruralresidentshavenotbeennarrowed,,in1978,theratioofurbanandruralresident’:,:,healthcare,education,transportandpublicservicesenjoyedbyurbanresidentsareincluded,thegapwouldreach5:1or6:citiesduetovaryingproductivityrates,elfareofurbanandruralresidentshasnotbeendeterminedbyproductivityrates,,,alculatetheincomeandlivingstandardgapbetweendifferentregionsandtheresultsvary,,thewesternregion,thenortheasternregionandthecentralregion,butalsobetweenthedevelopedregionsandregionswiththesamevaryingproblems,suchasresource-exhaustedareas,theoldrevolutionarybaseareas,areasinhabitedbyethnicminorities,meinvariousregionsduetoavastterritory,icyandsystemfactors,whichislike,theeasterncoastalregiondevelopedfirstwiththesupportfromthestate’,includingthecentralandwesternregions,wherethenaturalconditionsarenotasgoodasthatintheeast,thedevelopmenthrejuvenationstrategy,thesixprovincesinthecentralregionhavebecomeafewaretanousregions,,reformandpolicymeasuresmustbea,thegapcausedbythepolicydifferencesindevelo,theprincipleofpublicservicequalityshouldbeadheredtosothatalltheresidentswouldenjoythefairlysamelevelofwelfare.

LiShantong,HeJianwuDuanZhigang,Departm,2005Sincereformandopening-up,%.ItisclosetothatofJapanandthe“fourlittletigers”inAsiaduringtheperiodsoftheireconomictakingoff[1].However,mainta’seconomicgrowthgenerallyregardrapidaccumulationofcapitalasthekeysourceofChina’scontinuouslyfasteconomicgrowthinthepast20years[2].HistoricaldatademonstratesthatwhileChina’seconomygrewrapidly,itsinvestmentratioalsoremainedahighlevel,puttingtheissueof“highinvestmentratio”tioandthetrendoffutureinvestmentratioinChinathroughaworldwidecomparisononvariationtendencyofinvestmentratio,nsIngeneral,investmentratioreferstotherateoftotalcapitalformation,namelyapercentageofgrosscapitalformation(includingincreasesinfixedcapitalandinventory)inGDP,,namelythepercentageoffinalconsumption(includinghouseholdconsumptionandgovernmentconsumption),China’sinvestmentratiobasicallystayedbetween30%-45%.Thehighestratioduring1978-2000wasfoundin1993,%(exceptparticularlyindicated,alldatafor2004camefromChinaStatisticalSummary2005);thelowestratiowasfoundin1982,%,%.Inrecentyears,investmentratiohadkeptrising,especiallyin2004,%.Theg,theratiooffiyseparately,wecans,since1990s,especiallyafter1995,theproportionofinventoryinGDPcontinuedtofall,andthe%in1980s,%in1990s(aboutfourpercentagepointshigherthan1980s),%ththe“softlandingoftheeconomy”,,,theratioofgrosscapitalfallysynchronizedthatofgrosscapitalformation().Therefore,inouranalysisbelow,wesometimesusetheratiooffixed-capitalformationtounveilthecharacteristicsofvariationofinvestment.ByGeYanfeng,DeputyDirector-GeneraloftheResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopment,’,China’smedicalsystemhasundergoneall-roundchangesSincereformandopening-up,basedonthedevelopmentgoalsanddevelopmentmodesaswellasthefundamentalsystemchangesbroughtaboutbyreform,China’,theruralcooperativemedicalsystemwasdevelopedmainlyonthebasisofthecollectiveeconomycoveringvirtuallyallpeople,anditwasgraduallydissolvedwiththeimplementationofthehouseholdre,thegovernmentsatalllevelsbegantopromoteanewtypeofruralcooperativemedicalsystem,,theystillhavetorelyontheirownandtheirfamilies’,withthereformofenterprisesystemandthefiscalsystem,thetraditionalsystemoflaborprotection,medicalservicesandpublic,abasicmedicalandinsurancesystemcombiningsocialpoolwit,onlyaboutone-thirdoftheurbanpopulationiscoveredbythissystem,butforthemajorityoftheurbanresidents,theystillhavetorelyontheirownandtheirfamilies’,theownershipofmedicalserviceinstitutions,ontheonehand,hasgraduallychangedfromthesingletypeofownershiptothecoexistenceofdifferenttypesofownerships,andontheotherhand,theorganizationalandoperatingmechanismsofthemedicalserviceinstit,state-ownedorcollectively-ownedmedicalserviceinstitutionsallborrowedthecorporateoperationandmanagementmodescenteredon"powerdelegation"and"emphasisonintereststimulus,"andthegoalsoftheseinstitutionsalsochanged:fromthesolepursuito,restrictionsandcontrolontheaccesstoandwithdrawalfromvariouslevelsofmedicalserviceswereweakened,theservicepriceswereincreasinglydecidedbythesupply-demandrelationship,,thetraditionalplannedmanagementwaslifted,,thsystemreformTheall-roundreformofthemedicalsystemhasmadesomeachievements,mainly:throughcompetitionandtheparticipationofprivateeconomicsectors,thes,thenumberofdoctorsandthenumberofhospitalbedswerealsoincreasedremarkablycomparedtotheperiodoftheplannedeconomy,nsnoticeablystimulatedtheenthusiasmofthemedicalserviceinstitutionsandtherelatedpersonnel,,however,thattheabove-,themostdirectandobviousproblemsare:therapidriseofthetechnologicallevelwhichiscoupledwiththeexcessivepursuitofeconomicinterestsbythemedicalserviceinstitutionsandenterprisesinthefieldsofpharmaceuticalproductionandcirculation,,alongwiththeoveralldeclineinthecoverageofmedicalguaranteesystem,hasledtothephenomenonthatanincreasinglynumberofmiddleandlowincom3indicatedthatabout49%ofthepeoplesurveyedcouldnotseedoctorswhentheywereill,about29%couldnotbeadmittedintothehospitalsfortreatmentwhentheywereillandshouldhavebeenadmittedintohospitals,andthemost,themarketsupply-demandrelationshiphasgraduallybecomethemajorfactorinthedistributionofmedicalresources,andmedicalandhealthresourcesgraduallyshiftedfromtheruralareastothecities,andfromthebackwardregionstothedevelopedregions,andthepriorityofmedicalandhealWorldHealthOrganizationin2000,Chinarankedthe188th,andintermsofefficiencyofhealthinput,,attheinitialstageofthereformandopening,usedabout3%ofitsGDPasmedicalinputandbasicallysatisfiedthedemandofbasicmedicalservicesforalmostallofitscitizens,andmanyindexesofitscitizens’healthreachedthelevelofmedium-developedcountries,andChinawasthencitedasamodelintermsofmhina’smedicalfieldinrecentyearsareundeniable,,butalsocausesaseriesofsocialproblemssuchaspoverty,groidentshavebecomea,itwouldnotonlyaffecttheeconomicgrowth,butals,,ithasbecomeaconsensusamongallthesocialcircles.中东最新网址WuJinglian"Macrocontrol"andopening-upbegan,whenevergrowthwasaccelerated,itwouldsoonslnsivewayofeconomicgrowthtosteadilyrealizethegoalofindustrializationandmodernizationAtpresent,,weshouldthinkcoollyandseriouslyaboutsolvingthepro"NewPathtoIndustrialization"Sincethe16thPartyCongress,theCentralPartyCommitteehasrepeatedlyemphasizedthatChinashouldtakea"newpathtoindustrialization".Butuntilnow,thecadresandpeopl"New"isagainst"old".Theoldpathtoindustrializationreferstotheonetakenbytheadvancedustrializedcountriesduringctthatthegrowthwasnotrealizedthroughtheinputofcapitalorotherresources,butbytheaccumulationandriseintheefficiencyofhumancapital(humanknowledgeandtalent).Accordingtotheresearchofmanyeconomistssincethe1950s,theriseofefficiencypropellingmoderneconomicgrowthismainlyduetothreereasons:First,theextensiveapplicationof"science-basedtechnologies".Beforethat,technologiiencesandhedidapplysometheoriesofthermo-dynamicsinimprovinghissteamengine,novationhasinspiredtheenthusiasmofhigh-qualitytalentandenterprisesinapplyingnewtechnologiesafterthesecondindustrialrevolution,newtechniques,newmaterials,newenergyandnewproductshavebeencreatedandwidelyused,,centurywasnotindustry,orheavyindustry,,especiallytheproductiveservicetrade,engagedinthepre-production,mireducingcosts,,theindustrializationinthelatterperiodwasalsocalled"servicetrade-industrialization".Third,theapplicationofmoderninformationtechnologyhaseantagesoflatedevelopmentandraisetheirefficiencybyusingthistechnologyundereconomicallyreasonableconditionsto"bringalongindustrializationwithinformationization."rizedby"HeavyIndustrialization"anditsAdverseConsequencesAftertheFirstFive-YearPlan,ChinafollowedthetraditionalpathtoindustrializationoftheSovietUnion,aimingatcatchingupandsurpassingtheWesterncountriesinindustrialandagri,theCentralPartyCommitteerepeatedlystressedth,,inadditiontoinadequateunderstanding,thesystemsandpoliciesrelatedtothetraditionalpathtoindustrializationandeconomicgrowthmode,whichinclude:First,thegovernmentsandofficialsatvariouslevelsstillholdthepowerofresourceallocation,whichgoagainsttheprincipleofthesocialistmarketeconomy,suchasth,the"eightindexesheadedbytotaloutput"usedduringtheplannedeconomyisstillappliedincadres’appraisal,economicdevelopmentlevelratingandassessmentofofficials’,thefinancialandtaxationsystemwiththeproductivevalueaddedtaxesasthemaintaxitem,underwhichthecentralgovernmentandlocalgovernmentssharethefinancialrevenue,isstillencouragingthegovernmentstoprioritizet,thelow-pricepolicyandfreeallocationsystemforproductionelementssuchasnaturalresources,capital,laborandforeignexchangeswhichwereaimedatdevelopingresource-,thecountryislikelyto(2001-2005),Chinakingb(themarketorthegovernment)willadjustthestructure,how(throughmarketpricechangesoradministrativedecrees)theadjustmentismade,,manygovernmentofficialsregardindustrialstructureoptimizationasdevel"heavy-industrialized"industrialmix,creatingaseriesofnegativeconsequences.

亚洲城ca88备用网址信誉:防卫相亲自出席仪式!

万濠会网投官网亚洲城ca88备用网址ByXuHongqiangResearchReportNo215,2006In1996,China’,itssteelproductionrosefurtherto222milliontonsandbecametheonlyco,China’ssteelproductionshotupto349milliontons,’,Chinacontributedtwo-thirdsoftheincreasedamountofworldsteelproduction,withthecountry’’ssteelproductionanditsshareinworldsteelproductionwentup,thecountry’’,therapidgrowthofs’ssteelproductionandtrade,’sSteelTradeTherapiddevelopmentofChina’’ssteelproductionhasco’ssteelproductionandthechangesinitssteelsupply-demandrelationshaveproducedanincreasinglygreaterimpactontheworldsteelmarketthroughsteeltrade,steeltradehasalsobecomeincreasinglyimportanttoChina’sforeigntradeandtothedevelopmentofthecountry’’ssteeltradegrowsrapidlySincetheChineseeconomyenteredanewroundofgrowthin2002,thecountry’,’,,theaddedvalueofChina’enationaltradevol,China’ByHanJun,XuXiaoqingXiaoJunyanResearchReportNo206,topreliminarystatisticsfromtherelevantdepartments,naturaldis,duetotheimprovedsupplyanddemandoffarmproductsintheinternationalmarketinthepasttwoyears,thestagnantpriceoffarmproductsintheinternationalmarkethadano,aseriesofmeasureshadbeentakenbytheCentralGovernmentin2005forthepurposeofensuringthestabilityingrainproduction,alleviatingthefinancialburdenonfarmers,increasingthefarmers’,%yearonyear;,anincreaseof1%.Atpresent,autumncropharvestingistobegin,andiftheweatherconditionsarefavorable,itislikelythattheannualgrainoutput,,’incomesincreasedsignificantlyInthefirsthalfof2005,theper-capitacashincomeoffarmerswas1,586yuan,%s’income,whichwasrarelyseeninthepastyears,,layingasolidfoundationforthegrowthoffarmers’’income:first,,per-capitaincomewas521yuan,%yearonyear,,,%;andper-capitaincomefrommigrantlaborerswas191yuan,%,,per-capitacashincomefromsalesoffarmproductswas707yuan,%,80%camefromtheincrementalamountoffarmproductssold,and20%,incomefromf,per-capitaincomewas241yuan,%,,eachfarmergot8yuanfromsubsidiesforgrain,farmingmachinesandrefinedseeds,,adeclineof51%yearonyear,ofwhich,per-capitaamountofagriculturaltaxpaymentwaslessthan1yuan,%,theproductionofmajorfarmproductscouldbestabilizedandwouldincreaseslightly,andthegrowthrateoffarmers’,,judgingfromthefourthquarter,therearealsosomeobviousuncertainfactorsintheruraleconomicperformance,,theeconomicgrowthrateinthesecondhalfoftheyearsloweddownslightly,theproblemofovercapacityinsomesectorsbegantoexposeitself,,itwillhaveanimpactonthe,thepriceofenergycontinuestohoveratahighlevel,thiswillnotonlyleadtothehighlevelofpricesoffarmingmaterialsandtotheriseofagriculturalproductioncosts,butalsolikelycausetheresidentstocutdowntheirexpenditure,adjusttheirconsum,%percent,andofthe314yuanoffarmers’incomeincrease,,however,duetosuchfactorsasabasicallybalancedsupplyanddemandandtheanticipationforanincreasesupply,,grainproductionofmajorgrainproducingcountriesintheworlddeclinedsignificantlyduetoseriousnaturaldisasters,andgrainpriceskeptrising,andtheriseofChina’,grainoutputintheworldincreasedby10%,andin2005,,grainpriceontheinternationalmarketcontinuestodecline,houghthestatehasadoptedfairlyforcefulpolicymeasurestoreigninthepriceriseoffarmingmaterials,theeffectisprettylimited,,%yearonyear,ofwhich,%.Eveniftheriserateofpriceiscomputedat15%,farmerswouldhavetopayanextraofmorethan30billionyuanforfarmingmaterialsintheyear,:energypricesofpetroleum,naturalgasandcoalarestillhoveringathighlevels,thetrafficandtransportationbottlenecksarestillthere,andthecostsforthepparedtothepreviousyear,anditsstimulatingroleisweakeningIn2005,theCentralGovernmentcontinuedtoincreasepolicyinvestmentinthecountryside,buttheincreaseofdirectsubsidiesforfarmerswasnotthatremarkable,anditsstimulatingroleinbo,althoughthenumberofprovinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesabolishingagriculturaltaxonfarmersincreasedto27,theamountofagriculturaltaxexemptedtotaledto22billionyuan,plusthenewlyincreasedsubsidiesforgrainproduction,r,,equivalentto56%ofthatinthepreviousyear.

Themodeoforiginalinnovationmea,Vimicrohasindependentlydevelopedandpossessedseveralworld-classmultimediacoretechnologiesandAnbotehasesrapidlyenhancetheirtechnologicalcapacitiesthoughtheyarenotnecessarilythecreatorsofcoretechnologies,buttheenterprisespreliminarilyhavethedevelopmentcapacities,theiroveralltechnologicalcapacitieshavereachedthelevelsoffirst-rateenterprises,pportunitiesarisingfromthetransitionofmobng-upandsurpassinginnovation,animportantbasisoftheircorec,,ithasseizedtheopportunitiestoparticipateinmajormarkets,TCL,BaosteelandDouble-Cranehaveallcarriedoutproduct-orientedortechnology-orientedinnovationsafterimport,theirproductionandtechnologic,theybegantograduallycarryoutmoreadvancedtechnologicalinnovations....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.%,yearonyear,,,thecountry’seconomicgrowthratehasmaintaineda10%growthrate(estimatedonthebasisoftheadjusteddata),(CPI)%%%,theactualgrowthwas12%.%;thee%;%,,butthegrowthrate%yearonyear,,,andthetradesurpluscontinuestoexpandIn2005,%%,andthegrowthratewasaboutthesamewiththatofthepreviousyear;%,an,,anewroundofec—whentheeconomygrowsatahighspeed,:Demand,especiallythesourcedemandcausedbytheupgradingoftheconsumptionstructure,isstillrobust,whichdeterminesthateconomywillcontinuetomaintainahighgrowthrate;ontheotherhand,’sabilityofadjustmentoftotalsupplyanditsstructureissostrongthatitcouldmakesupplypromptlyadapttothechangeofthedemand—,ontheonehand,themarketislarge,activelypushingtheadvanceofindustriesandenterprises;ontheotherhand,thereisarapidlygrowingan,ningthereform,o,encouragingpersonalpurchaseofcarsandhousesandcontinuingtoupgradetheconsumptionstructurearekeyfactorsforsustainedrapideconomicgrowthChina’%in2002,%in2003,%in2004andonly4%fromJanuarytoMayin2005(theabovegrowthratesarebasedonyear-on-yearcomparison).Thisindicatesthatthegrowthofcarpurchasehast,realestatehasbecomeahotspotofresidents’,,thepersonalcarandhousepurchasewouldte,icgrowth,thecontinuousslowdownofpurchasemightleadtoincessantdec,itissuggestedthatanimportantpolicygoalduringtheperiodofsteadygrowthistoencourageresidentstobycarsandhousepInthisnewroundofrapideconomicgrowth,,theproductioncapacityhasbeenvigorouslyraisedinironandsteel,cementandnon-ferrousindustries;ontheotherhand,theoverheatedtreadhasbeeneffectivelycontrolledasaresultofaseriesofmacrocontroladjustments;butthedomesticcarandhousepurchasesaswellas,thegrowthofdemandfortheheavyindustryhastendedtobesteady,whichwil,,theheavyindustry,resultinginachangefromquantitativeexpa,China’sexporthasmaintaineda30%-:First,internationalindustrialtransferhascreatedadrasticincreaseofthecountry’sprocessingtrade;second,domesticcompetitionpressurehassqueezedmoreandmorelabor-intensiveindustriesintotheinternationalmarket,suchaslightandtextileindustries,’marketingabi,fiercerdomesticcompetitionandfallingpriceswillinevitablyrestricttheincreaseofimports,whichwillalsoleadtomoretradesurplusandmoretradefrictionswithChina’,Chinawillbeunderaseriesofpressuictions.

亚洲城ca88备用网址平台:出动中国造战车!

ByNiHongriHongTingResearchReportNo188,2005ThetransferpaymentsmadefromChina’scentralrevenuetoregionalrevenuescomprisesthreeforms:thefinancialpower-basedtransferpayment,thespecialtransferpayment,andthetaxrebateandformerinstitutionalizedsubsidy(oneviewarguesthatthetaxrebateandformerinstitutionalizedsubsidyshouldnotberegardedasaformoffiscaltransferpayment).Thefinancialpower-basedtransferpaymentsarefiscalsubsidiesforpromotingregionalgovernments’financialpower,andaredesignedmainlytobalanceinter-regionalfinanciceregionalbudgetsandmeetthebasicspendituresforvariousregionswereworkedoutinaccordancewiththe,,themethodofdistributingthegeneraltransferpaymentfvelopingChina’swesternregionsandsupportingthedevelopmentofethnicregions,incesandregiocregionsthatwasspeciallyintroducedin2000andisincreasingprogressiveionsandtstransferredtotheseethnicregionsandhalfoftheincreasedamountisreturnedtothe,asthereexistbothobjectivedisparitiesinlevelsofeconomicdevelopmentacrossdifferentethnicregionsaswellasfinancialpowerinequalitiesbetweendifferentregions,theotherhalfisdistributedtoregions(includingtheTibetanAutonomousRegion)intheformoftransferpaymebythecentralgovernmentanddoesnotparticipateinthetaxrebatemadebythecentralgovernmenttoregionalgovernmentsbasedonthe1:,ncialcrisisandeasetheinsufficiencyofeffectivedomesticdemand,,thegovernmentintroducedaseriesofpoliciestoraisetheincomelevel,thegovernmentraisedthewagesofthoseworkingingovernmentandpublicinstitutionsaswellasthepensionsofretireesfourtimes,andintroducedthepoliciesofgivinglump-sumyear-endbonusestoemployeesetoanotherandasdifferentregionshaddifferentcapacitiestobearincreasedwageexpenditures,thecentralgovernmentdecidedthatthegovernmentsofBeijing,Shanghai,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Guangdong,Fujianandothercoastaldevelopedregionswouldbeartheincreasedspendingarisingfromtheimplementationofthesepoliciesandthatthecentralfinancewouldgiveappropriatesubsidiestotheoldindustri,iculturaltaxDuringtheperiodofreformingruraltaxesandfees,thecentralrevenuegaveappropriatesubsidiestovaorssuchasraisingtheagriculturaltaxafterthe"threeretainedfeesandfiveoverallplannedfees"wereabolishedandincorporatedintotheagriculturaltaxandtherevenue-reducingfactorssuchasloweringtheagriculturalspecialtytaxrate,abolisrincipleofunifiedstandard,justice,fairness,opennessandtransparencyandinfavorofthemajoragriculturalprovinces,leadinggrainproducingregions,,thecentralrevenueintensifiedtransferpaymentsafterabgfromtheabolitionoftheagriculturaltax,theleadinggrainproducingregionsandthecentralandwesternactuallycollectedamount(includingsurcharge)oftheagricingregionsincentralandwesternChina,80percentforthenon-leadinggrainproducingregions,and50percentfortheleadinggrainproducingregions(includingFujian),transferpaymentsfromt,moreregion,thecoastaldevelopedregionsboretheburdensingle-handedly,andtheleadinggrainproducingregionsandthecentralandwesternrelightofthefiscaldifficultiesofcountyandtownshipgovernments,thecentralfinanceissuedtheOpinionson,innovatingmechanismsandtighteningmanagement,ai,thecentralfinanceearmarked15billionyuanin2005fortheestablishmentofa"threerewardsandonesubsidy"stimulatpensionoftheregulatorytaxforthereorientationoftheinvestmentinfixedassets,thesubsidyforthereducedregionalfiscalrevenuearisingfromtheimplementationofthenaturalforestprotectionproject,thesubsidyforthereducedfiscalrevenuearisingfromretiringfarmlandfortreeandgrassgrowing,andotherrelevantsubsidies.

兴发棋牌网址romthebeginningoftheyear,somenewcharacteristicshaveturnedupinChinaseconomicgrowth,whichmainlyinclude:exportinforeigntradehasincreasedbyawidemargin,consumptionhasturnedoutbrisk,investmentgrowthhasbecomestable,economicgrowthratehasgoneuptoahighlevel,increaseinmoneysupplyhasspeededup,,theeconomicgrowthinthefirsthalfoftheyearisestimatedtoshowamomentumofoperatingatahigherlevel,,thedrivingforceof,%yearonyear,%afterallowingforthepricerises,y,%,%,%.%,,trtmentofMacroeconomicResearchoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,small-scaledeclineoftheeconomicgrowthcouldhappenthisyear,oncapacityofpartoftheindustriesandthecontinuousappreciatio,attentionshouldalsobepaidtothefactthattheChineseeconomystillstaysinthemediumandlong-cyclegrowthperiods,,theshort-termdeclineoftheeconomyisyetnotenoughtochangethesituationofafasteconomicgrowth,,:thepressureontightsuppliesofcoal,electricityandpetroleumandontheoverloadedtransportationsystemhasbeenbasicallyalleviated;supplyofrawmaterialsforsuchheavyandchemicalindustriesasironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,chemicalindustryandcementhasbeenfairlyabundant;grainoutputhasbeencontinuallygrowing;,purchasepriceindexesforrawmaterials,%,yearonyear,nfortified,givingimportantsupporttothecontinu,investmenthasassumedarecoveringrise,,the%,down4percentagepoints,,,amongthefixedassetinvestmentincitiesandtowns,inv%,;whileinvestmentinarchitecturalinstallationprojectsrose26%,yearonyear,,thecurrentinvestmentgrowthisarecoveringrisefromthelowerlevelinthefourthquarteroflastyearbyanarrowmargin,andtheinvestmentstructureneedstobeoptimized;undercomparativelyrigorousmacro-controlpolicies,itisestimatedthattherewouldbelittlepossi,inthecontextoftheconsumptionturningoutbrisk,exportandinvestmentbecomingstable,itispredictedthattheeconomywillmaintainarapidandsteadygrowthinthefirsthalfoftheyear,%(%).,butresourceandenvironment,withtheconstantimprovementofthehouseholdincomelevel,upgradingoftheconsumptionstructurehasbecomevigorous,-2005,the%,,,,,proportionoftheChineselaborersenjoyingprimarydistributionofthenationalincomeiscurrentlyonthelowside,andthedistributionofincome,%ofGDP,%in2001,%,whenindustrializationwasacceleratedinsuchcountriesastheUnitedStates,JapanandtheRepublicofKorea,operlyincreasethepaymentofthelaborers,,inalpropensitytoconsume,therefore,adjustmentofthedifferenceinincomedistributiontoincreasetheincomesofthemoderateandlow-income,incurrentexpenditurestructureofthegovernment,ditureonpublicserviceandpublixpansionoftheconsumptiondemandswillgiveastrongimpetustoinvestment,imulatedsuchindustriesastherealestate,automobileandtelecommunicationtoarapidgrowth,thushasfurtherbroughtalongthedevelopmentofsuchheavyandchemicalindustriesasironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,petrochemicalandcementaswellasthedevelopmentofsuchbasicindustriesasenergyandtransportation,,therapidgrowthofinvestmentoverrecentyears,afterallowingfortheunreasonablefactors,hasoriginallyb,reaction,fromJanuary%,mobileandhousepurchasingwillplayalong-termroleinstimulatingthedevelopmentoftheheavyandchemicalindustriesandthegrowthofinvestment,whichislikelytointensifythecontrad,whenstabilizingtheinvestmentgrowth,properlyguidingthedemandforautomobileandhousepurchasingandstabilizingthepaceinupgradingofconsumptionstructurearealsoimportantaspectsthatneedtobeconsideredinformulatingmacro-economicpolicies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByMaJunResearchReportNo018,2006Advancesintelecommunicationtechnologyarefacili,globa,althoughinwaysthatdiffersignificantlyfromtheirinternationalcounterpartsbecauseofChina’rdingtothecharacteristicsofthetwotypesofenterprisesinordertofacilitatetheirstStructuralChangesintheIndustryOverthepasttenyears,opticalcommunicationtechnologies,digitalcommunicationtechnologiesandwirelesscommunicationtechnologister,ervicesandtheirnumberofs,,theadopt,representedby3rdgenerationmobilecommunicationtechnology,unicationsindustry,createh,andgteristics:ahighdegreeofopenness,agloballyinterconnectednetwork,,Ltdthat,from2005to2009,%anditsmarketwillreach140billionRMBin2009.InterneasInternetportals,networkcommunications,networkgames,networksearch,networkeducation,networkmedicine,e-government,e-business,edvoicetechnologybynewte,,includingnetworktelephony,networktextandmultimediacommunication,etc.Thevol,y,,althoughthecommunicationstimeoftraditionallong-distancetelephoneserviceincreasedin2003and2004,itsproportionfellgradually,whilethepro%%,andInternetcommunicationsoftwaresuchasthatprovidedbySkype,entsAreMadetoCompaniesMobileoperatorsaremaintainingstablegrow,thetransformationofmobileoperatorsinvolvesrationalmanagementoftheindustrialchainbyutilizcurrentcoreserviceformobileoperatorsismobilevoiceservice,%to20%orso,comparedwithafigureofabout30%,%comparedwiththesameperiodin2004,ersandmobilevoiceservicecanpotentiallyreplacefixed-linetelephones,mationandstandintheleadingpositionintheindustrialchainforemergingdataservicesThetransformationformobileoperatorsinvolvestheirrs.(1)AcompleteindustrialchainandhugeindustrialclusterfordataservicesisformingThedevelopmentvices,whilediversifiedvalue-addedservicesprovide,therearemorethan5,,weatherinformation,TVprograms,discountinformationservices,culturalinformationservices,rentalinformation,real-timestockinformation,;andprovidereal-timenews,entertainment,position,communicationandbusinessinformationviawirelessInternet;andgames,entertainment,businessanddailylifeinformationviadownloadservicesformobilephones.

亚洲城ca88备用网址ShiYaodong,,sautomarketAccordingtostatisticsmadebyChinaAssociationofAutomobileManufacturers,in2005,thenumberoftheautomobileswithindependentbrandsmanufacturedbyCBUjointventuresacrossChinaaccountedformorethanhalfofthetotalCBUoutput,ofwhichcarswithforeignbrandsmanufacturedbyjointventuresmadeup72%(accountingfor53%orsoofallautomarkets)withthebestperformance,productsofforeignbr,productsmanufacturedbyChinese-fundedcarmanufacturingenterprisesrepresentedbyChery,GeelyandBrilliancepossessedamarketshareoflessthan30%.Althoughin2006,suchcarmanufacturingenterpriseswithindependentChinesebrandslikeCheryandGeelygrewrapidly,withCheryandGeelybothrankingamongthetoptenChinesecarmanufacturers,thestatisticsshowthatthemarketoccupancyofcarswithindependentChinesebrandsyetdropped2percentagepointsto26%.TheChinese-fundedenterprisesfounditstilldifficulttoreplacetheabsolutepredominanceofjointventuresoncarmarket.Withregardtoautosparepartsmarket,duringthepasttenyears,morethan70%oftheteded500inChinaandalmostallworld-famousautosparepartsenterpris,3RDcenters,6jointventuresand6marketingcompaniesinChina,withitsproductscoveringawidevarietyofareas,suchasEFI,ABS,,whichhasalreadyappliedforbankruptcyintheUnitedStates,hasalsoinvestedandestablished14autosparepartsplantsinChina,withatotalinvestmente,DensoCorporationfulfilledatotalturnoverinChinaamointventuresSincemid-1980s,jointventureshaveroughlyundergonesev,aperiodof"technologytransplant".Duringthisperiod,theEuropeanandAmericantransnationalautocorporationsrepres,thejoin(mainlyfromtheirforeignparentcompanies)andintheformofCKDandSKD,t,althoughthemainstreamproductsmanufacturedbythejointventuresdidnotcarrythethenworldadvancedautomobilesandtechnologies,theyoccupiedaleadingpositionforquitealongtimeonChinasmarket,,duringthisperiod,the"turn-inkey"projectswereadoptedfortheconstructionofthejointventuresasawhole,withforeignpartiesprovidingcompletesetsoftechnologies,technologicalprocess,nterpriseswereonlyinvolvedinsupplyofsupportingtechnologies,equipmentdebugging,technicalmanagementandqualitycontrolinthecourseofproductionaswellasthenationalizedproductionofnon-coreparts,ratherthanindependentresearchanddevelopmentactivitiesinapracticalsensewhichcouldgenuinelyembody,therelationshipbetweentheChineseandtheforeignpartieswasthepracticeof"passingonexperience,givinghelpandsettinganexampleintrainingnewhands"ledbytheforeignparties,namely,asmallnumberofforeigntechniciansprovi,aperiodof"adaptivedevelopment".Duringthisperiod,transnationalcorporationsrepresentedbyGeneralMotorssetupindependentRDinstitutionsorengineeringandtechnicalcenters(ShanghaiAutomotiveIndustryCorporation(Group)andtheGeneralMotorsjointlyfoundedthePan-AsiaTechnicalResearchCenterin1997)oneaftera,duringthisperiodproductsmanufacturedbyjointventuresgraduallycameuptothestandardoftheforeignmarkets,andtheintroducedmodelsandtechnologieswerealreadythematuremid-lengineeringandtechnologycenters,butalsobegantocarryoutaseriesofa,ShanghaiPanAsiaTechnicalAutomotiveCenterCo.,"Sail"andBuick"Regal",andcompletedthedesigningofthetwotypesofconceptcars,,duringthesecondstage,alargenumberofChinesetechniciangroupsgottrainedinthecourseofdigestingandabsorbingimportedtechnologiesandinprojectdevelopment;learnedaboutandgotfamiliarizedwiththeprocessofautomobiledevelopmentandexperienceinmanagement,andinitiallyformedtheindependenttechnicalcompetencepartakingofproductdefinition-engineeringdesigning-engineeringverification-productmaking-post-marketservice;graduallyformedtheuniqueadvantagesofthejointventuresandg,theSino-foreignpartnershipwasstillanunsymmetricalandunbalancedpartnershipandtheforeignpartnersstilloccupiedtheinresearchanddevelopmentorientation,CBUandplatformdesigning,designingofresearchanddevelopmentprocess,database,softwaredevelopment,certificationofnationalizedproduction,platformdesigninganddesigningofcoreparts,whiletheChinesesidemainlycontributedtotheadaptivedevelopmentthatwascloselylinkedwiththedigestionandabsorptionoftheimportedtechnologiesandthenationalizedproduction,suchasthepartialautorefitmentandtheadjustmentofinnerdecoration,yetnotinapositiontoindependentlydevelopCBUautomobiles,,thetechnologiesneededbythejointventuresstilldependedmuchonforeignsuppliesandthejointventuresdidnotcompletelymeltintotheglobalinnovationsystemofthetransnationalconandindistributionofinterestsandbothsidesenjoyedunequalrightstospeak.ByLaiYouweiResearchReportNo210,2005China’,theserviceindustryisstillconfrontedwithprominentproblems,suchassmallbusinessturnover,anirrationalstructure,low-levelservice,,theCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinastatedinitsProposalsontheFormationofthe11thFive-YearPlanforEconomicandSocialDevelopmentthatthedevelopmentoftheserviceindustryshouldbespedupandtheproportionandleveloft,ChinaneedsfirstofalltoremovebotviceIndustryComparedwiththemanufacturingindustry,manysectorsofthe,,andthekeytaskfortheregionalgovernment:(1)izecontrolsandreduceandevenabolishexaminationandapproval,theserviceindustrgovernmentdepartm,theindustrialandcommercialadministration,financeandthePeople’sBank.(2),Shanghaihad103regionalheadquartersofmultinationalcompanies(54ofwhichhadbeencertified),Singaporeandotherplacesisveryopenandliberal,thesemultinationa,thesettlementcenterofafinancialinstitutionhasto,thisnabletotrulyperformtheirduties.(3)industryhaverestrictedtheentryofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesan,Chinastipulatesthatalogisticsenterpri,b,thegovernmentshouldgraduallyliberalizeeconomiccontrolsovertheserviceindustryandatthesametimestrengthensocialcontrolsoverenvironmentalprotection,,itsregulationoversomesectorsoftheserviceindustryishighlyrandom,entsinchargeofindustrialadministrationonlypayatte,"controlling"to"servicing".Asaresult,nenoughtoChineseandforeigninvestorsInChina,Chineseandforeigninvestorsarepr,,logisticsandcourierservicesarenotedforfiercemarketcompetition,buttheyare,themanagementofticketofficeofcivilaviationandtravelserviceagencyisallowedonlyforstatecapital,,toacertainextent,reducedthevitalityhinderedtheintroductionanddigestionoftheadvancedknow-esofculture,logisticsandinformationresourcesarea,administrationsgoverningtheinformationresourcesindustryincludetheMinistryofInformationIndustry,theNationalDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofPublicSecurity,theMinistryofCulture,theMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theGeneralAdministrationofPressandPublication,theStateIntellectualPropertyOffice,theStateAdministrationofRadio,partmentshasresult,therearetherearerepetitionlopmentoftheirservicesystems,,asaresultofChina’sfailuretodesignpropersystemstorationallydistinguishpublicbenefitundertakingsfromprofit-orientedbusinesses,theprovisionofpublicserviceshasbeeninefficientandthedevelopmentofprofit-orientedbusinessesforhigh-enddemandhasbeeninadequate.——SurveyonProjectof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland"inHandanCityByWangHui,InstituteofPublicAdministrationandHumanResourceofDRC,JinSanlin,ResearchInstituteofRuralEconomyofDRCJiangHaoduan,,tmanyoflandresources,whichha,atpresent,thenumberoftheda,accountingfor11%,,in2005,theoutputofrawcoalisabout2billiontons,ited,thereclamationoftheabandonedminingareasissignificbytheMinistryofLandandResources,,accountingfor11%,therateofnationallandreclaimedis12%,whichisfarlessthanthatofover50%’hearablelandisanimportantmeasurestoimplementscientificviewofdevelopment,adheretothemoststri,developcycledeconomy,establisheconomicsociety,andpromotetheall-roundcoelopmentandConsolidationPlanin2003,listing,,consideringlocalfeatures,somelocalgovernmentshavemadealotofachievementsandacquiredexperiencesthroughstudyingandimple,theprojectof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland"promotedbyHandanCityhasmadegreateffectsinpromotingthereclamationofabandonedminingareas,raisingtheefficiencyoflanduse,,,gicalsituationwithdesertedland,environmentaldeteriorationinminingareas,,withcloseupofpartialmineresources,regulationofminingindustry,andadjustmentofminingindustrystructure,miningindustry,economizeandutilizelandresourcesinminingareas,HandancityhasinvestedmorethanRMB100millionyuansince2003,andimplementedtheintegratedregulationprojectof"ThousandMinesandMoreAcres".,andhasgainedpositiveeconomicbenefits,:Firstly,rcesdepartment,HandanCityhasmadeouttheintegratedregulationimplementationplanof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland",stickingtothepolicythat"theonewhoreclaimsgainbenefits",,,onmentinalltheclosed-upminesintwoyears.Secondly,,HandanCityhasestablishedthemulti-channelinvestmentsystemwithself-raisedfundsbybeneficiaryunitsasthemajorway,andotherinvestmentassupplement,bri,thatis,nationallandresourcesdepartmentsubsidizesRMB15thousandyuanforthereclamationofeveryonehectareofland,withresourcesreservefundsaslaunchingcapitalfortheproject,andlocalgovernment,individualsandcollectivesareeffe,"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland",HandanCityhassetoutandformulatedvariouskindsofregulationmodes,suchasturningwasteresidueandabandonedareasintoland,forcultivation,.Thesefeaturedmodesofreclamation,havemaximallyutilizedvariousabandonedlandbymines,andminimizedthecostofreclamation,whichhavenotonlyeffectivelyimprovedtheecologicalenvironmentoftheminingareas,,rectifyingtheorder,"threeregulations"thatmustbeoperatedsimultaneously—thecombinationofregulatingdisorderandregulatingmessy,thecombinationofrectificationandconformity,andthecombin,regulatingdisordermeanstostrictlysuperviseillegalactionintermsofprospectingandminingwithoutlicense,orbeyondthepermittedareas;regulatingmessymeanstoformulateandimplementtheplanofintegratingallthemineresourcesinHandanCity,optimizeandmakeall-roundadjustmentinthelayoutoftheminingfield,andtopromotetheexplorationandutilizationofresources;seekingpermanentsolutiontotheproblemsmeanstointensifythemanagementofminingrights,drivethecommercializationofminingrights,andpromotetheestablishmentofgreenminestargetingtheprojectof"ThousandMinesandMoreAcres".Besides,intheprocessofreclamationoftheabandonedlandbymines,basingonoverallsituationofregionaleconomicdevelopment,startingfromindustrialtransformationfortheminingcity,andsolvingproblemsrelatedtominingindustry,mines,miningcityandminers,HandanCityhasexploredthenewtrainsofthoughtsinreclaimingabandonedlandbymines,andformulated"planofoptimizingtheregulationoflandforminesandlayoutofcitylandforconstruction".Throughregulationanddisplacementofabandonedlandbymines,underthepreconditionofassuringthetotalareaoffarmland,guaranteeingthequality,andmaintainingthetotalnumberoflandforconstruction,HandanCityhasoptimizedlanddistribution,,itisworthyofdrawinglessonsfromtheplan’srationalityandfeasibility....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

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